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Published : 2016-10-05 07:12:51
Categories : Sulfites and sulfite-free wines
" Contains sulfites " ! Have you ever noticed the inscription on a bottle of wine you were going to enjoy? Since November 2015, the European Community requires wineries to place this note on the wine bottles that contain more than 10 milligrams of sulfur per liter of wine. The United States meanwhile have imposed since 1998 for wines contain sulphites 10 parts per million parts of wine (ie 0.0001%). Many countries have introduced legislation restricting the high use of sulphites in wine. Despite these limitations, there are sulfites in almost all wines and some producers are adding to more than others.
Why the added sulfite?
Sulphites on the market come in different denominations: sulfur, SO2, sulfur dioxide, sulfur dioxide, potassium bisulfite, potassium metabisulfite, Capden tablet, preservative E220 etc. However, in the world of wine the expression 'sulfite' commonly refers to sulfur dioxide (SO2). This is a chemical additive that participates in the wine storage and protection during long journeys. The winemakers of all ages have sought ways to better conserve their wine. The Romans, for example, aromatic plants used for this purpose, says the oenologist Stéphane Derenoncours, interviewed by the magazine The Red and the White.
Intolerance to sulphites
With or without overdose, sulfur dioxide generally introduced into the wine can trigger multiple intolerances events: headache, runny nose, itching, breathing problems, skin problems, digestive disorders, cramps, fatigue etc. Professor Jean-François Nicolas, allergist at the University Hospital of Lyon, said in Health Magazine that this hypersensitivity reaction can be severe in some asthmatics. Molecules sulfites being slightly different from each other, their mechanisms for interaction with the body are likely to be slightly different as well. Thus, a bisulfite may take longer to degrade than a sulfite and therefore cause reactions after a longer period.
A million French overdose of sulphites because of the wine
According to the latest census conducted by the National Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), more than a million French are sulfites overdose because of the wine. The National Agency for Health Safety (ANSES) confirms this in a recent report that, in France 3% of adults exceed the acceptable daily intake of sulphites established by WHO (0.7 mg per kg body weight per day ) "mainly due to the consumption of wine" to sulfites added. These wines alone account for about 70% of intakes of sulfites.
For your health, opt for more natural wines!
To enjoy the benefits of wine while sparing related harm sulphites, heavy metals and pesticide residues, some consumers have decided now to turn to more natural wines. The so-called natural wines are not only organically grown but also vinified naturally, without the use of many chemical additives that many wine producers use. These wines contain a very small amount, if any, of added sulfites.